Solution Overview

Solution Name:

Niger gratitude pipeline

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One-line solution summary:

A new kind of oil pipeline that avoid immediate oil spillage and give immediate warning to pipe damage.

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Pitch your solution.

This project is about building a new kind of oil pipeline that avoid immediate oil spillage and give immediate warning to pipe damage with exact location coordinate making the transportation sector of the oil business green.

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What specific problem are you solving?

The world is switching to green technologies by omitting oil power based technologies to more renewable power technologies. But for those countries like Niger that only have oil to generate income for their country; this might be very dangerous concept that questions their survival. So to balance the scale of safety of the environment with the economics of these countries, we have to make the oil business green instead of omitting it? One of the main environmental risks of the oil business is its transportation. Crude-oil pipelines when ruptured will pollute waters and soil. Natural gas pipelines and product pipelines that contain highly volatile liquids such as gasoline explode in a spill. About half of all pipeline accidents are caused by a third party, builder damaging a pipe while digging. The second leading cause of pipeline failure is corrosion caused by the contact of metal pipe with wet soil or if the fluid is corrosive. The detection of leaks is done by computer monitoring of abnormal flow rates and by flying aircraft along pipelines for visual inspection which is not an immediate diagnosis and usually when there is accident the damage will be done before it is in under control. 

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What is your solution?

This is done by combination of partitioning, pressure sensor and layering. This new oil pipeline has a layer in its outer surface with larger diameter than the pipe which transports the oil. Between the two layers of the pipes there will be nothing but compressed air. The outer layer is separated by series of partitions which is welded with the inner layer of the pipeline with some kilometers interval. Inside each partition there will be pressure sensor which has distinguishing digital signatures based on their sequence of installation. When there is small hole on the inner pipe at location A due to corrosion, the compressed air will push the oil back to the pipe acting as a first defense system from spillage. In that process the compressed air will start to lose its pressure which will trigger the pressure sensor X that is installed at location A which will be used to locate the coordinate of the damage for immediate response.  When outer pipeline is damaged, there won't be any immediate spillage because of the layering and the pressure sensor will be automatically triggered since the compressed air will lose the pressure which will be used to locate the coordinate.

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Who does your solution serve, and in what ways will the solution impact their lives?

This project affects all the companies that operate in oil rich countries like Niger.

The main down side of the design is the cost addition for the pipe line because of layering and partition but if you check how much money oil companies lose because of spillage due to many factors including from natural phenomenon to human activities like piracy, you will understand how this solution is very worthy the cost which makes it financially feasible.        

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Which dimension of the Challenge does your solution most closely address?

Create scalable economic opportunities for local communities, including fishing, timber, tourism, and regenerative agriculture, that are aligned with thriving and biodiverse ecosystems
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Explain how the problem you are addressing, the solution you have designed, and the population you are serving align with the Challenge.

To be addressed

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In what city, town, or region is your solution team headquartered?

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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What is your solution’s stage of development?

Prototype: A venture or organization building and testing its product, service, or business model.
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Explain why you selected this stage of development for your solution.

To be addressed.

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Who is the Team Lead for your solution?

Anteneh Gashaw

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More About Your Solution

Solution Team

 
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