Insufficient brain healthcare is one of the most pervasive and multi-faceted problems our world faces today. From the young to the old, the rich to the poor, those living in dense cities to isolated farmlands, anyone can be affected by brain health problems. Yet, current solutions to this problem are limited. While some innovations have made significant strides towards improved brain health, there is a pressing need for stronger prioritization of cognitive healthcare and more proactive innovation towards preventative treatments.
Source: The State of the Digital Brain Health Market 2012-2020 (SharpBrains)
That's why it’s so timely that Solve is gathering innovations aimed at addressing this problem. Solve is posing this Challenge to anyone, anywhere. The judging panel wants to hear your solution.
As you get ready to submit your innovation to the Solve Brain Health Challenge, here are four points for upgrading brain and mental health to keep in mind based on SharpBrains’ work tracking applied neuroscience trends:
1. Prioritize scalable solutions for all:
Effective, efficient brain healthcare must be seen not as a luxury for the few, but as a necessity for the many.
Among children, learning and cognitive disabilities are becoming increasingly prevalent.
Among adults, over 300 million people suffer from depression—not to mention substance abuse and other mental health conditions.
Among older adults, staying mentally sharp and addressing aging-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases are top priorities, especially given extended life expectancy.
Inadequate brain healthcare afflicts everyone, so we need to offer treatment for everyone, and for the healthy as well as the clinical. Prevention is often the best treatment and proper brain development is often the best prevention, so the earlier we all start taking care of our brains, the better.
2. Harness lifelong neuroplasticity: “Every man can, if he so desires, become the sculptor of his own brain.” —Neuroscience pioneer Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Much recent innovation is enabled by the core fact that the human brain continually changes itself through experience. This is called neuroplasticity, or brain plasticity. For a long time, conventional wisdom held that, after a certain age, the brain became “fixed,” but scientists and patients now know the brain never stops changing. The brain is able to rewire itself based on experience by, among other factors, generating new neurons and forming new connections between neurons.
Around the world, innovators are grappling with the question of how best to harness neuroplasticity to help us lead better lives, enhance our brains, and delay brain health decline. Progress has been made: we know that strengthening specific circuits of the brain through education, lifestyle, and targeted intervention such as neurostimulation can help us learn faster and become more resilient to brain decline. But, these solutions have not yet harnessed the full potential of neuroplasticity to revive brain health around the world.
3. Harness pervasive technologies and artificial intelligence (AI):
We are witnessing the coming of age of a very promising data-driven brain health toolkit enabling:
Easier access to meditation and mindfulness practices via apps and bio- and neuro-feedback
Personalized medicine and increased adherence via gamification and AI Sensorimotor and physiological improvements via virtual and augmented reality
Non-invasive, real-time brain monitoring and enhancement enabling better diagnostics, treatments, and prevention strategies Source: Market Report on Pervasive Neurotechnology: A Groundbreaking Analysis of 10,000+ Patent Filings Transforming Medicine, Health, Entertainment and Business (SharpBrains)
Innovators are utilizing this toolkit to drive substantive, impactful change:
Akili Interactive Labs is on track to develop and commercialize FDA-approved monitoring and treatment environments (essentially video games) to treat mental health issues such as ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, depression, Alzheimers, and Parkinson’s disease.
MindMaze raised US$100M in 2016 to develop platforms based on virtual reality, augmented reality, computer graphics, brain imaging, and neuroscience to reinvent neuro-rehabilitation.
Baycrest recently secured US$124M from the governments of Canada and Ontario, industry, and various donors to build the new Canadian Centre for Aging & Brain Health Innovation, which has a mission to innovate, accelerate, and scale evidence-based brain health solutions including the web-based cognitive screening platform Cogniciti. 4. Educate users and encourage human-centered innovation:
This flurry of innovation has, unfortunately, also led to much confusion and controversy.
Would you implant electrodes in your brain as proposed by Elon Musk’s latest venture, given that non-invasive methods could deliver many of the benefits with no risk? How will people know what treatments to use, how to use them, and when to use them based on available evidence?
Fortunately, professional groups are stepping up to help. Many health professionals are expanding their practices, helping to integrate the growing range of options using frameworks—such as those described in
this book and others listed below—to prioritize the many pieces of the brain health puzzle and use technology to augment, but not overturn, our lifestyles.
I’m proud to contribute to the MIT Solve initiative to support, enable, and help facilitate these efforts towards human-centered solutions to improving brain health globally. Through the
Brain Health Challenge, we are seeking to unearth and support innovative solutions to improving brain health and fitness for all . If you have an idea, a design, or an innovation that addresses this Challenge, we want to hear it! You can learn about the benefits for selected Solver teams.
Additionally, let me offer these 20 cross-disciplinary resources for creating, developing, and submitting your innovation to the
Brain Health Challenge. The deadline for submission is August 1, 2017. All the judges look forward to hearing your solution! I. The Big Picture
II. Scientific Research